1. In Windows XP computer, you can use Start -> Windows Update
to connect to the Microsoft site. Windows Update is a catalog
of items such as drivers, patches, the latest help files, and
Internet products that you can download to keep your computer
up to date. You must be logged on as an administrator or a member
of the Administrators group in order to access the Product Updates
section of Windows Update for downloading help files.
2. XP Professional supports multiple processors, multiple
monitors (up to 9), Group Policy, Encrypting File System, Dynamic
Disks, IIS, a built in backup program, and advanced networking
capabilities (such as IPSec.) All of these features are missing
from XP Home Edition. Another important distinction between
the two versions is that XP Home Edition cannot join a Windows
3. Windows XP Operating System comes in the following flavors:
a. Windows XP Home: The basic XP OS intended for home
b. Windows XP Professional: The XP OS intended for business
c. Windows XP Media Center Edition: Windows Media Center
provides a large-font, remotely accessible interface ("10-foot
user interface") for television viewing on the computer
as well as recording and playback, a TV guide, DVD playback,
video playback, photo viewing, and music playback.
d. Windows XP Table PC: This edition is intended for
specially-designed notebook/laptop computers called tablet
PCs. Windows XP Tablet PC Edition is compatible with a pen-sensitive
screen, supporting handwritten notes and portrait-oriented
4. Boot process (F8) in Windows XP desk top bring up the
a. Safe Mode: This option uses a minimal set of device
drivers and services to start Windows. The drivers loaded
with Safe Mode include mouse, monitor, keyboard, hard drive,
and standard video driver.
b. Safe Mode with Networking: This option uses a minimal
set of device drivers and services to start Windows together
with the drivers that you must have to load networking.
c. Safe Mode with Command Prompt: This option is the
same as Safe mode, except that Cmd.exe starts instead of
d. Enable VGA Mode: This option starts Windows in 640
x 480 mode by using the current video driver (not Vga.sys).
This mode is useful if the display is configured for a setting
that the monitor cannot display.
Note: Safe mode and Safe mode with Networking
load the Vga.sys driver instead.
e. Last Known Good Configuration: This option starts
Windows by using the previous good configuration.
f. Directory Service Restore Mode: This mode is valid
only for Windows-based domain controllers. This mode performs
a directory service repair.
g. Debugging Mode: This option turns on debug mode in
Windows. Debugging information can be sent across a serial
cable to another computer that is running a debugger. This
mode is configured to use COM2.
h. Enable Boot Logging: This option turns on logging
when the computer is started with any of the Safe Boot options
except Last Known Good Configuration. The Boot Logging text
is recorded in the Ntbtlog.txt file in the %SystemRoot%
i. Starts Windows Normally: This option starts Windows
in its normal mode.
j. Reboot: This option restarts the computer.
k. Return to OS Choices Menu: On a computer that is configured
to starting to more than one operating system, this option
returns to the Boot menu.
5. You can configure support for multiple displays on your
Windows XP computer. This is done through the use of Control
Panel -> Display -> Settings. A Windows XP computer can support
up to ten display monitors at the same time. Use additional
video cards as required.
6. The Device Manager (It can be accessed using Add/Remove
Hardware in XP) lists all the hardware devices installed on
your system. You can also update any existing drivers, as well
as change the hardware settings. You use Add/Remove Hardware
to install new hardware. Accessibility options are primarily
used to configure the keyboard, display, and mouse options on
a computer to accommodate the users who are physically handicapped.
The Add/ Remove Programs is used to install/uninstall 3rd party
software. This is also used for installing/uninstalling Windows
XP optional components.
7. Features supported by XP
a. On readable/writable disks, Microsoft Windows XP Professional
supports the NTFS file system and three file allocation
table (FAT) file systems: FAT12, FAT16, and FAT32. On CDROM
and DVD media, Windows XP Professional supports two file
systems: Compact Disc File System (CDFS) and Universal Disk
b. While installing XP, if you have a standard desktop
PC that uses integrated drive electronics (IDE) disk drives,
then these will be detected during setup. If, however, you
use SCSI disks or have Redundant Array of Independent Disk
(RAID) storage systems, you will see, shortly after the
reboot, the following line of text displayed at the bottom
of the screen: "Press F6 if you need to install a third
party SCSI or RAID driver..."
c. Pressing F6 will start a dialog that allows you to
configure and install the drivers for your SCSI or other
disk subsystem controllers. This option is usually used
on server platforms that use large-capacity, high-speed,
fault-tolerant disk subsystems. For most PCs, however, you
won't need to use this option.
d. Windows XP advanced startup options can be accessed
by pressing F8 key when prompted during the beginning of
the Windows XP boot process.
e. On your Windows XP computer, you can use the View
tab in Folder Options applet in the Control Panel to show
/ hide files and folders that have "Hidden" attribute set.
You can also use Windows Explorer -> Tools -> Folder Options
-> View tab.
f. You can access Computer Management screen through:
1. MyComputer on Desk Top -> Right Click -> Manage
2. Start -> Programs -> Administrative Tools -> Computer
3. One of the frequently used resource in "Computer Management"
screen is System Tools. System tools contain the following:
1. Event Viewer
2. System Information
3. Performance logs
4. Device Manager
5. Shared folders
6. Local Users and Groups
These are very useful tools to a system administrator.
1.The minimum hardware requirements for installing Vista
Operating System (Home Basic/Home Premium/Business/Ultimate)
are given below:
a. 800 MHz processor and 512 MB of system memory
b. 20 GB hard drive with at least 15 GB of available
c. Support for Super VGA graphics
d. CD-ROM drive
2. The recommended hardware requirements (for Home Premium/Business/Ultimate)
are given as:
a. 1 GHz 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor
b. 1 GB of system memory
c. 40 GB hard drive with at least 15 GB of available
d. Support for DirectX 9
e. DVDROM drive
3. For Home Basic, the recommended requirements are:
a. 1 GHz 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor
b. 512 MB of system memory
c. 20 GB hard drive with at least 15 GB of available
d. Support for DirectX 9 graphics
e. DVD-ROM drive
4. You can upgrade to Windows Vista Ultimate from Windows
XP Home, XP Professional, XP Media Center, and XP Tablet PC,
Windows 2000 Professional can't be upgraded to Windows Vista
5. Certain versions of Windows Vista uses BitLocker Drive
Encryption. BitLocker Drive Encryption is a full disk encryption
feature included with the Ultimate and Enterprise editions of
Microsoft's Windows Vista and Windows 7 desktop operating systems.
6. In order for BitLocker to operate, the hard disk requires
at least two NTFS-formatted volumes: one for the operating system
(usually C:) and another with a minimum size of 100MB from which
the operating system boots. BitLocker requires the boot volume
to remain unencrypted, so the boot should not be used to store
7. Windows Sidebar is a pane on the side of the Microsoft
Windows Vista desktop where you can keep your gadgets organized
and always available. Gadgets are mini programs that give you
information at a glance and provide access to frequently used
tools. Windows Sidebar helps you to organize your gadgets. The
Windows sidebar is also available in Windows 7 Operating System.
8. The parental controls built into Windows Vista help parents
determine which games their children can play, which programs
they can use, and which websites they can visit, and when. Parents
can restrict computer use to specific times and trust that Windows
Vista will enforce those restrictions, even when they're away
9. Windows Vista introduces Sync Center, which enables users
to synchronize their data with other computers and devices from
one common user interface. There are several ways to interact
with Sync Center, one of which is as a provider of synchronization
information. Synchronization information consists of a synchronization
engine, and the data that it synchronizes.
10. Driver Verifier is included in Windows 7, Windows Vista,
Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server 2003 to promote
stability and reliability. You can use this tool to troubleshoot
driver issues. You can start the tool by going to Run > verifier.exe
Specifically, in the version of Driver Verifier included in
a. You can start verification of any driver without rebooting,
even if Driver Verifier is not already running.
b. You can start the verification of a driver that is
c. You can activate or deactivate most Driver Verifier
options without rebooting.
11. The editions below support the Aero Feature:
a. Windows Vista Home Premium
b. Windows Vista Business Edition
c. Windows Vista Ultimate Edition