Cloud Computing : Programming Languages in Cloud Enterprise Development

3. Cloud computing services providers

3.3 Programming Languages in Cloud Enterprise Development

Cloud-based applications should run smoothly on the cloud infrastructure and leverage the cloud capabilities. The language that developers use for creating a cloud-powered application does matter as languages differ in structure, capabilities, and vendor and community support.

  • NET: .NET is a development platform delivered and maintained by Microsoft, the vendor of Azure, one of the top cloud offerings. Most parts of the development platform are now open-source and cross-platform (e.g., .NET Core).

  • Java: Java is a go-to choice for developing custom enterprise cloud applications. Java is secure, stable, portable and scalable in terms of performance and execution speed. It offers powerful frameworks to support micro-services, reactive programming and multi-cloud strategies (Spring Boot, Cloud Foundry, Akka, etc.).

  • Python: Python is one of the few highly suitable languages for manipulating and processing large data sets. Naturally, Python has strong support from all major cloud providers (Azure 2.x runtime support previews of Python (version 3.6); AWS SDK for Python).

  • Node.js: Node.js is highly scalable and fast (running on Google JS engine). It is easy to code and can be used for end-to-end application development. With its evented, non-blocking, asynchronous communication pattern, Node.js helps applications efficiently handle a large number of connections.

  • Golang: Golang was created to take advantage of multicore processes and cater to easy distributed cloud computing. It is a fast and simple language for server development due to advanced tools for concurrency (Goroutines) and parallelism management. Thus, major cloud providers actively support the language and contribute to its further development. Also, Golang has a powerful framework for robots, drones and IoT development – Gobot.